Sunday afternoon - Воскресный вечер

It is half past four on a Sunday afternoon. Maggie and Jim are discussing the best ways of spending the rest of the day.


Maggie: Are you still pottering about1 in the shed,2 Jim? I thought you'd finished making that table long ago.

Jim: Only another five minutes, dear. I'm just polishing it. I came to see if tea3 was ready yet.

Maggie: Tea? We've only just had lunch.

Jim: Couldn't we have a little snack,4 then?

Maggie: Oh, I've had enough of sitting indoors all day and getting meals ready.5 Can't we go out to the pictures for a change? There's a good film on at the Odeon,6 with Elizabeth Taylor. Shall we go and see that?

Jim: All right. Elizabeth Taylor? Hmm, not a bad idea. Does it say in the local paper7 what time it starts?

Maggie: Six o'clock. That's really a bit late, now I come to think of it.8 Anyway,9 don't you think we've seen enough of Elizabeth Taylor lately? One film after another. What about driving to the West End10 and going to that new Italian film at the Plaza?11 That starts at five. We can just make it.12

Jim: (with enthusiasm) The one with Sophia Loren, you mean? Fine! Let's go right away.

Maggie: Oh, but by the time we've got ready13 it'll be too late again. Besides, there's bound to be14 a long queue. You should have thought of it earlier.15

Jim: Who's the one who wanted to go in the first place?16

Maggie: I know. You'd be quite happy to stay at home all day, as long as you got your meals on time.17

Jim: Well, why not stay at home, and watch television?

Maggie: You know there's never anything good on TV on a Sunday afternoon. Unless you're interested in pig-breeding18 or quizzes.

Jim: We haven't been to the Crown19 for ages. Let's pop down20 for a beer later, and maybe a game or two of darts21 with the boys.22

Maggie: Oh, that smoky, noisy pub. I'd rather spend a quiet evening at home.

(enter23 Jane)

Jim: Oh, hallo, Jane.

Jane: Hallo, Jim, hallo, Maggie. I'm glad I found you in.24 I thought we might all go to the pictures tonight. Would you like to go and see that film at the Odeon, with Liz25 Taylor?

Jim: Splendid. The two of us26 can go together. Maggie's just decided she doesn't like Elizabeth Taylor, and that she'd rather spend a quiet evening at home, anyway. So she can get some supper ready while we're out.

Maggie: What do you mean? Haven't I been saying all along27 we should go to the Odeon? You see, Jane, that's men all over!28

Примечание: используйте сноски при открытой вкладке ПОЯСНЕНИЯ

ВЫБРАННЫЕ ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

Предложения, записанные после сценки:

     What about driving to the West End?
     Let's go right away.
     It's too late.
     Shall we stay at home then, and watch television?
     There's never anything good on TV on Sunday.
     I'd rather spend a quiet evening at home.

ПОЯСНЕНИЯ

1 to potter about возиться, мастерить
2 shed; Мэгги имеет в виду tool-shed, т.е. небольшой сарайчик, расположенный за домом в саду, где помещается своего рода домашняя мастерская для мелких починок.
3 tea — сравните с пояснением 20 к сценке 4.
4 Couldn't we have a little snack? А не закусить ли нам?
5 get ready приготавливать
6 Odeon — название кинотеатра
7 local paper местная газета (издаваемая в том или ином городе или части большого города)
8 now I come to think of it... сейчас, когда я задумываюсь над этим (прихожу к выводу, что...)
9 Anyway здесь: впрочем, кроме того
10 West End наиболее оживлённая часть Лондона, где сосредоточены большие универмаги, магазины, учреждения, театры, кино
11 Plaza — название кинотеатра
12 We can just make it. Мы как раз успеем.
13 by the time we've got ready к тому времени, когда мы будем готовы
14 there's hound to be наверняка будет, обязательно будет
15 You should have thought of it earlier. Ты должен был раньше об этом подумать.
16 Who's the one who wanted to go in the first place? А кто первый хотел идти?
17 as long as you got your meals on time при условии, что ты все получишь во-время
18 pig-breeding разведение свиней (имеется в виду программа ВВС, передаваемая каждое воскресенье для жителей английской деревни)
19 the Crown — сравните пояснение 26 к сценке 5
20 Let's pop down давай, зайдём
21 darts — традиционная английская игра, в которую играют в так называемых „пабах” (пивных). Эта игра заключается в том, что играющие бросают заострённые стрелки в цель, находящуюся на расстоянии нескольких шагов от игроков.
22 with the boys здесь: с приятелями, с друзьями
23 enter входи. В сценических ремарках слово enter относится ко всем лицам. С точки зрения исторического развития языка это повелительное наклонение: enter Jane значит let Jane enter
24 in здесь: дома
25 Liz — уменьшительная форма от Elizabeth
26 The two of us мы вдвоём
27 all along всё это время
28 that's men all over! вот каковы мужчины!

ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИЙ КОММЕНТАРИЙ

Выражения, употребляемые для предложения чего-либо

Грамматическим материалом сценки 14 являются выражения, которые употребляются в том случае, если мы хотим предложить что-либо.

1. Наиболее решительным выражением является let's с инфинитивом; он соответствует русскому повелительному наклонению для первого лица множественного числа:

     Let's go right away — Пойдём сразу.
     Let's pop down for a beer. — Зайдём выпить кружку пива.

Смотрите повелительное наклонение.

2. Другое выражение, представляющее собой не такое решительное предложение, как первое, (Состоит из shall we + инфинитив. На русский язык переводится как: может + форма повелительного наклонения для первого лица множественного числа:

     Shall we go and see this film?
     Может пойдём посмотрим этот фильм?

3. Ещё менее обязывающим является выражение What about ...? — А может быть так...?
После него смысловой глагол употребляется с окончанием -ing:

     What about driving to the West End?
     А может быть так поехать на Вест Энд?

4. Особую группу представляют выражения отрицательные по форме: Can't we ...? Couldn't we ...? с инфинитивом. Они выражают просьбу или даже упрёк:

     Couldn't we have a little snack?
     Can't we go out to the pictures for a change?

5. Более официальным является выражение Would you like ...?, после которого инфинитив употребляется с частицей to:

     Would you like to go and see that film at the Odeon?
     Не хотите ли вы пойти и посмотреть этот фильм в „Одэоне”?

6. И, наконец, выражение Why not...? с инфинитивом без частицы to.
Пример из сценки:

     Why not stay at home and watch television?
     А почему бы не посидеть дома и не посмотреть телевизор?

Это очень популярное выражение среди работников рекламы.
Рекламируя Советский Союз, как страну, где можно провести летний отпуск, они сказали бы:

     Why not go to USSR (the Soviet Union) this year?

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

I. Следующие предложения переделайте по образцу первого предложения:
a) 1. I want to go to the pictures tonight. Let's go to the pictures tonight.
2. I want to see that new Italian film at the Plaza.
3. I want to have a little snack.
4. I want to drive to the West End.
5. Т want to stay at home and watch television
6. I want to pop down to the Crown for a game of darts.
7. I want to spend a quiet evening at home.
8. I want to go abroad for our holidays
9. I want to make a tour of the Continent.
10. I want to join Robert and Jane.

b) Эти же самые предложения измените, используя выражение
Shall we . . .
Например: Shall we go to the pictures tonight?

c) Эти же предложения измените, используя выражение
What about . . . ?
Например: What about going to the pictures tonight?

d) Эти же самые предложения измените, используя выражение
Couldn't we . . .
Например: Couldn't we go to the pictures tonight?

e) Эти же предложения измените, используя выражение
Would you like . . .
Например: Would you like to go to the pictures tonight?

f) Эти же выражения измените, используя выражение
Why not . . .
Например: Why not go to the pictures tonight?

II. Замените фразы, выделенные курсивом, иными, давая три возможных варианта:
1. Are you still pottering about in the shed?
2. We've only just had lunch.
3. I've had enough of sitting indors all day.
4. Can't we go to the pictures for a change?
5. There's bound to be a long queue.
6. You should have thought of it earlier.
7. You'd be quite happy to stay at home all day.
8. We haven't been to the Crown for ages.
9. You're the one who wanted to go out it the first place.

Ответы к упражнениям

Упражнение I.
a) 1. Let's go to the pictures to-night.
2. Let's see that new Italian film at the Plaza.
3. Let's have a little snack.
4. Let's drive to the West End.
5. Let's stay at home and watch television.
6. Let's pop down to the Crown for a game of darts.
7. Let's spend a quiet evening at home.
8. Let's go abroad for our holiday.
9. Let's make a tour of the Continent.
10. Let's join Robert and Jane.

b) 1. Shall we go to the pictures to-night?
2. Shall we see that new film at the Plaza?
3. Shall we have a little snack?
4. Shall we drive to the West End?
5. Shall we stay at home and watch television?
6. Shall we pop down to the Crown for a game of darts?
7. Shall we spend a quiet evening at home?
8. Shall we go abroad for our holiday?
9. Shall we make a tour of the Continent?
10. Shall we join Robert and Jane?

c) 1. What about going to the pictures to-night?
2. What about seeing that new Italian film at the Plaza?
3. What about having a little snack?
4. What about driving to the West End?
5. What about staying at home and watching television?
6. What about popping down to the Crown for a game of darts?
7. What about spending a quiet evening at home?
8. What about going abroad for our holiday?
9. What about making a tour of the Continent?
10. What about joining Robert and Jane?

d) 1. Couldn't we go to the pictures to-night?
2. Couldn't we see that new Italian film at the Plaza?
3. Couldn't we have a little snack?
4. Couldn't we drive to the West End?
5. Couldn't we stay at home and watch television?
6. Couldn't we pop down to the Crown for a game of darts?
7. Couldn't we spend a quiet evening at home?
8. Couldn't we go abroad for our holiday?
9. Couldn't we make a tour of the Continent?
10. Couldn't we join Robert and Jane?

e) 1. Would you like to go to the pictures to-night?
2. Would you like to see that new Italian film at the Plaza?
3. Would you like to have a little snack?
4. Would you like to drive to the West End?
5. Would you like to stay at home and watch television?
6. Would you like to pop down to the Crown for a game of darts?
7. Would you like to spend a quiet evening at home?
8. Would you like to go abroad for our holiday?
9. Would you like to make a tour of the Continent?
10. Would you like to join Robert and Jane?

f) 1. Why not go to the pictures to-night?
2. Why not see that new Italian film at the Plaza?
3. Why not have a little snack?
4. Why not drive to the West End?
5. Why not stay at home and watch television?
6. Why not pop down to the Crown for a game of darts?
7. Why not spend a quiet evening at home?
8. Why not go abroad for our holiday?
9. Why not make a tour of the Continent?
10. Why not join Robert and Jane?

Упражнение II.
1. Are you still pottering about in the garden (in the kitchen) (in the garage)?
2. We've only just arrived (got up) (finished supper).
3. I've had enough of watching television (working in the garden) (shopping all day).
4. Can't we have mushrooms for dinner (go to the theatre)? (invite a few people) for a change?
5. There's bound to be a crowd of people (an earlier train) (a taxi rank at the corner).
6. You should have told me (bought it) (made up your mind) earlier.
7. You'd be quite happy to watch television (read a book) (walk) all day.
8. We haven't been to the West End (to see Jane) (to restaurant) for ages.
9. You're the one who told me that (made the suggestion) (invited those people) in the first place.

end faq


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